South India is an area of five Indian states, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana, as well as three territories of the Lakshadweep Union, the Andaman and Nicobar and Puducherry Islands, which covers 19% of the area of India (635,780 km 2 or 245,480 sq mi)). The southern part of India is also known as southern India. Due to the difference in its culture, history and ethnicity, it has formed an identity. South India has 130 Lok Sabha seats.
People in southern India speak mainly Dravidian languages such as Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam and are mainly of Dravidian origin.
The carbon dating method has revealed that there have been human settlements in the region since 8000 BC. C. The Iron Age originated around the year 1000 a. C. The Malabar and the Tamils used to trade with Greece and Rome in ancient Sangam. They were in contact with people from Rome, Greece, China, Arabia, Jews, etc. In ancient South India, several rulers and dynasties ruled in different eras and regions. Satavahanas, Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas, Chalukyas, Pallavas, Hoysalas, Rashtrakutas, etc. They are some of these dynasties. The area remained under Muslim domination and influence in the early medieval era. At first, the Tughlaq increased their influence in the south. Alauddin Khilji made his military campaign until Madurai, but after his death his empire could not last. In 1323, the Muslim Bahmani Sultanate was established by the Turks.
A few years later, the Hindu Empire of Vijayanagara was established. There was a struggle for power in both. Vijayanagar fell in 1565. The fall of the Sultanate of Bahmani led to the formation of 5 new kingdoms: Bijapur and Golconda were the most powerful. Aurangzeb gained his dominance in the Deccan at the end of the 17th century, but at the same time Marathas emerged under the leadership of Shivaji. The Marathas ruled until the end of the 18th century, after which Mysore and other local rulers emerged. But within 50 years of this, all of southern India became British. Swarajya arrived in 1947.
Culture - Language and culturally, it is the hinge of India unlike the rest of India.