Maharashtra is located in the western part of the country and is India's third largest state. Maharashtra has the second place in the country with respect to population. Maharashtra is surrounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, Gujarat from north-west, Madhya Pradesh in the north, Karnataka to the south and Chhattisgarh and Telangana in the east. Total area of Maharashtra is 3, 07,713 sq. Km.
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra as well as the financial capital of the whole country. Nagpur is the capital of the state. Maharashtra is known as the richest state in the country and contributes 15 percent of the country's industrial production and 14 percent GDP, i.e. to the gross domestic product. In this state there are several wildlife sanctuaries, some national parks and tiger conservation projects, to protect the endangered species, especially Bengal Tiger, and preserve bio heritage. The climate of Maharashtra is tropical with monsoon and annual rainfall is around 400 mm. To 6000 mm Is between. The Konkan region has the highest rainfall in the state. The average temperature of the year is between 25 to 27 degrees. With six administrative districts and five main areas, there are 19 seats in Maharashtra and 48 in Lok Sabha.
History of Maharashtra
The history of Maharashtra is very rich and some great rulers have ruled here. The traces of cultural heritage of their name are still present here. On the basis of historical evidence, it can be said that Maharashtra has existed since the third century and it was the center of industry, commercial transactions and business. In the beginning, there was the rule of 'Vaktaon' which was a great warrior. He changed the name of the state to 'Dandakaranya', which means the king who ruled the forest. He later defeated the Yadavs who ruled here for a few years. The rule of the Yadavas ended in the attack of Muslim King Alla-ud-Din Khilji in 1296 AD. After the Khilji, the Muslim rulers Mohammed Bin Tughlaq and Bahamani sultans of Bijapur established their empire here. After that Shivaji led the Marathas who fought against the Mughals and in 1680 became the king of Maharashtra. After that, Maharashtra became subject to the Peshwa Dynasty, which after many wars was defeated by the British. After independence of India in 1947, Maharashtra was formed in collaboration with several princely states and in 1960, Maharashtra under the Bombay Reorganization Act was officially declared as a separate state of the Government of India.