Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India. It was formed on November 1, 1956 with the passing of the State Reorganization Act. Originally known as Mysore State, its name was changed to Karnataka in 1973. State matches Karnataka region Capital and largest city is Bangalore.
Karnataka is surrounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, Goa in the north-west, Maharashtra in the north, Telangana in the northeast, Andhra Pradesh in the east, Tamil Nadu in the southeast and Kerala in the south. The state covers an area of 191,791 sq. Km (74,122 square miles), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state of the area. Kannada is one of the most classical languages of India, Konkani, Tulu, Tamil, Telugu, Kodwa, Beri, and is the state's most widely spoken and official language. There are only 3 naturally Sanskrit speaking districts in India in Karnataka.
The two main river systems of the state are Krishna and its tributaries, Bhima, Ghatprabha, Vedavathi, Malprabha and Tungabhadra in the north, and Kaveri and its tributaries, Hemavati, Shimla, Arakavati, Lakshman Thirtha and Kabini, in the south. Most of these rivers reach sea in the Bay of Bengal in the east from Karnataka. Although many derivatives have been suggested for the name of Karnataka, it is generally accepted that the Karnataka word is derived from Kannada and Nadu, which means "High Land".
In the context of black cotton clay found in the State's Bayalu Seema area, Karu Nadu can also be read as Karu, which means "black", and nadu, which means "region". Find Karnataka Holiday Packages by famous tourist destinations with its major attractions, things to do and crown places to visit to plan your holidays in Karnataka with exclusive Karnataka Tour packages.