Kolkata Travel Guide

Kolkata is one of the metropolitan cities of India and the capital of the state of West Bengal and was the capital of former British India (1772-1912). Kolkata's nickname Diamond Harbor is also there. It is India's largest city and is one of the major ports. Kolkata's old name was Calcutta. Calcutta was officially named Kolkata since January 1, 2001. Kolkata city is situated on the eastern coast of Hooghly river, 154 kilometers above the mouth of the Bay of Bengal, which was once the main canal of river Ganga. Port city developed as a center of movement of ships from the waters up to the ground and from the river to the sea. The area of the main city is approximately 104 square kilometers, although the metropolitan area is quite large and is spread over 1,380 kilometers. The city of commerce, transport and construction, Kolkata is the major urban center of eastern India.

History of Kolkata

Kolkata employee of the British officer Job Charnock has turned into a metropolitan city today. Job Charnock laid the foundations of Kolkata at the place called Kolikata, Sutanati and Govindpuri in three villages in 1690 AD. That same day Kolkata has taken the form of a grand city. Kolkata is an important place in India's history. Here the incident of famed dungeon was reduced in 1756 AD. Apart from this, there was a famous battle of plassey in 1757 AD. This war further changed the history of India. Previously the name of this city was Calcutta. But in 2001 it changed to Kolkata.

The name Kolkata is mentioned in the revenue account of Mughal emperor Akbar (governance, 1556-1605) and also in 'Manasamangal' composed by Bengali poet Bipradas (1495). The history of Kolkata as a British settlement begins in 1690 by the establishment of a business outpost by Job Charnock, an officer of the British East India Company. Concerned over the harbor on the banks of the Hooghly River, Charnock officials in the east had a dispute with the Mughal Empire and they were forced to leave the place. After which, he made many unsuccessful attempts to establish himself at other places on the river bank. Under the 'Regulating Act' during the time of the British Governor-General Warren Hastings, a Supreme Court was established in Calcutta (formerly in Kolkata) in 1774 AD, whose jurisdiction was till Calcutta. All Indians and Englishmen living in Calcutta were in its periphery. It was only when the two parties came out of Calcutta that they listened only when the two parties were just friendly. Justice in this court was done by English laws.

An Insight into Kolkata Tourism

Places to Visit in Kolkata

Kal Kothri Kolkata: On June 20, 1756, after the surrender of the city by Nawab Sirajuddaula of Bengal and under the leadership of the President of East India Company, under the leadership of a member of the Council, John Z. Hallwell, the Nawab stopped the remaining European preservatives in a cell. In which many prisoners had died, this incident was a sensational litigation and controversy of the indictment of British imperialism in India Become the subject of.

Fort William: According to Mughal Period in Bengal, Qazi used to settle criminal and civil matters. While the landlords had the responsibility of charging levies. Qazi used to judge with Islamic method, in the case of Hindus, the help of pundits was obtained. Panchayats were in the form of the original unit. Qazi-e-Suba could be appealed against the decision of the Qazi. Qazi's post was hereditary, for which the bid was started later. Unaware of the law, justice was done. Corruption and favoritism were dominated. In 1733 the rights of the Qazi were given to the landowners. Zamindari too did nothing other than selfishness. The landowners were given the powers of justice of all kinds, but the appeal to the Nawab of the province could be made but they were only in the number of cases. The landlords began to negotiate for justice. The general public was a huge victim of robbery.

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata: It was a great achievement for East India Company and Job Charnok to get this safe and sustainable place in East India. For British English business leading from Europe to Asia, Surat, Mumbai and Madras, in the eastern India, Sutanati got a center where East India Company opened its factory in terms of trade and later fortified by the fort William Succeeded in strengthening.

Marble Palace, Kolkata: By 1772, Kolkata did not become the capital of British India; that year, the first Governor-General Warren Hastiggs transferred all important offices from the provincial Mughal capital Murshidabad to the city. In 1773, Bombay and Madras came under the rule of Fort William. The Supreme Court implementing British law started its initial jurisdiction in the city till the Maratha trench (present Acharya Prafulla Chandra and Jagdish Chandra Bose routes).

Culture of Kolkata : Kolkata residents have been active in literature and arts sectors for a long time. In the middle of the 19th century, here is the literary movement inspired by western education, which has created literary renaissance throughout India. One of the important preachers of this movement was Rabindranath Tagore, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. His remarkable creativity in poetry, music, drama and painting has enriched the city's cultural life. Kolkata is also the center of traditional and contemporary music and dance. In 1937, Tagore inaugurated the first All Bengal Music Festival in Kolkata. Since then many Indian classical concerts are organized here every year. The home of many classical dancers was also the venue for the use of Uday Shankar to adopt the western technique of Kolkata in traditional dance arts. Dance, music and drama schools established by them since 1965 exist in the city. With the establishment of National Theater in the 1870s, commercial dramas began in Kolkata. The modern forms of dramas in the city started by dramatists like Girish Chandra Ghosh and Dinabandhu Mitra. Kolkata is still an important center of commercial and amateur theater and experimental plays. This city has also been the starting point of film production in India. Experimental film director Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen have received international acclaim. There are many theaters in the city, where regular English, Bengali and Hindi films are shown.

Best Time to Visit Kolkata

Summers in Kolkata are mostly hot and dry. Best time to visit Kolkata in summers is until March and April; May, June and July are not much comfortable for traveling. During this period, temperature raises more than 40 degrees Celsius in its hottest months. Kolkata in winters is pleasant and sunny. So better you can visit Kolkata by October to April.

How to Reach Kolkata

How to reach Kolkata by Air: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport connects Kolkata to some major countries in Southeast Asia and Europe. This Residential Terminal of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is one of the best in the country and is connected to all major cities in India also. Prepaid cabs are accessible from the airport to the city, which is located on the isolation of 20 km. There is an additional railway interface that connects the airport to railway station, although many trains moves directly on this line.

How to reach Kolkata by Train : Two major railway stations of Kolkata are – Howrah railway station and Sealdah railway station. It is connected to all the major stations of India and it is a portal to North Eastern India. In this, that you are coming to Kolkata via Sealdah, you can take a prepaid taxi to go to the city. Ships are accessible to you from Howrah, opposite to the section of Babu Ghat, from which you can take taxi, transport or auto rickshaw for every part of the city.

How to reach Kolkata by Road : In practically any part of India, there are customary transportation administration for Kolkata. From Delhi, through NH 19, to get to Kolkata, it is perfect around multi day. Transportation from Kharagpur, Haldia and its nearby local cities is more accessible. You can list taxis for the same on the other side, despite the fact that the entry will be a bit weird. Again, you can get a taxi cab or share tax like this, despite the fact that the route may be some heavy on the first place.

Demographics of Kolkata

According to the census of 2001, the total population of the city of Kolkata is 4,580,544, while the total urban areas here are 13,216,546. According to current estimates of 2009 years of project, the city's population is 5,080,519. The sex ratio here is 928 females per 100 men. - which is less than the national average. The reason for this is men coming to work from rural areas. The literacy rate of the city is 81%, which is more than 80% national average. The registered disorder rate of the areas of Kolkata Municipal Corporation is 4.1%, which is the minimum in India's population of more than one million people.

Kolkata Map

© Copyright 2018 Design ByIndia Easy TripAll Rights Reserved